MBA留学準備セミナーご案内 Application Assemblage
GMAT 7 Week's Wonder
(Verbal Math AWA integrated対策)
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Let's Have a Ball & Make History!

GRE SAT 英検1級Power Voca

Directions:  Choose the word or set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.


L4-4  Since she believed him to be both candid and trustworthy, she refused to consider the possibility that his statement had been  [ ….. ]


[A] irrelevant

[B] facetious

[C] mistaken

[D] critical

*[E] insincere


L4-3  Laws do not ensure social order since laws can always be  [ ….. ] , which makes them  [ ….. ]  unless the authorities have the will and the power to detect and punish wrongdoing.


[A] contested .. provisional

[B] circumvented .. antiquated

[C] repealed .. vulnerable

*[D] violated .. ineffective

[E] modified .. unstable


L4-2  Given the evidence of Egyptian and Babylonian  [ ….. ] later Greek civilization, it would be incorrect to view the work of Greek scientists as an entirely independent creation.


[A] disdain for

[B] imitation of

[C] ambivalence about

[D] deference to

*[E] influence on



L4-1  Since it is now  [ ….. ] to build the complex central processing unit of a computer on a single silicon chip using photolithography and chemical etching, it seems plausible that other miniature structures might be fabricated in  [ ….. ]  ways.


[A] unprecedented .. undiscovered

[B] difficult .. related

[C] permitted .. unique

[D] mandatory .. congruent

*[E] routine .. similar

-Directions:  Choose the word or phrase most nearly OPPOSITE in meaning to the original word.



L3-38 limpid:

[A] rampant

[B] vapid

*[C] turbid

[D] rigid

[E] resilient


L3-37 effrontery:

*[A] decorum

[B] candor

[C] resolution

[D] perplexity

[E] meditation


L3-36  gist:

*[A] tangential point

[B] tentative explanation

[C] faulty assumption

[D] flawed argument

[E] meaningless distinction


L3-35  grouse:

*[A] rejoice

[B] rekindle

[C] restore

[D] reject

[E] reflect


34 anomalous:

[A] porous

[B] viscous

[C] essential

*[D] normal

[E] elemental


L3-33  levy:

[A] reconsider

[B] relinquish

[C] repatriate

[D] revitalize

*[E] rescind


L3-32  nexus:

*[A] disconnected components

[B] tangled threads

[C] lost direction

[D] unseen obstacle

[E] damaged parts


L3-31  flippant:

[A] evenly distributed

[B] well coordinated

[C] inflexible

[D] sane

*[E] earnest


L3-30  diverge:

[A] relay

[B] bypass

[C] enclose

[D] work quickly

*[E] come together


L3-29  indeterminate:

[A] qualified

*[B] definite

[C] stubborn

[D] effective

[E] committed


L3-28  commotion:

[A] desirability

[B] likability

[C] propensity

[D] changeability

*[E] tranquility

Directions:  Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.


L3-16 subsidy: support

[A] assistance: endowment

[B] funds: fellowship

[C] credit: payment

*[D] debt: obligation

[E] loan: note


L3-15 torque: rotation

[A] centrifuge: axis

[B] osmosis: membrane

*[C] tension: elongation

[D] elasticity: variation

[E] gas: propulsion


L3-14 redolent: smell

[A] curious: knowledge

[B] lucid: sight

[C] torpid: motion

[D] ephemeral: touch

*[E] piquant: taste


L3-13 proctor: supervise

[A] prophet: rule

[B] profiteer: consume

[C] profligate: demand

*[D] prodigal: squander

[E] prodigy: wonder


L3-12 countenance: toleration

[A] defer: ignorance

[B] renounce: mistrust

[C] encroach: jealousy

*[D] demur: objection

[E] reject: disappointment


L3-11 slither: snake

[A] perch: eagle

[B] bask: lozard

*[C] waddle: duck

[D] circle: hawk

[E] croak: frog


10 maverick: conformity

[A] renegade: ambition

*[B] extrovert: reserve

[C] reprobate: humility

[D] zealot: loyalty

[E] strategist: decisiveness



L3-9 glaring: bright

[A] iridescent: colorful

[B] perceptible: visible

[C] discordant: harmonious

[D] peppery: salty

*[E] deafening: loud


L3-8 choir : singer

[A] election: voter

[B] anthology: poet

*[C] cast: actor

[D] orchestra: composer

[E] convention: performance

Directions:  Choose the word or set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.



L3-7  When theories formerly considered to be [ ….. ]  in their scientific objectivity are found instead to reflect a consistent observational and evaluative bias, then the presumed neutrality of science gives way to the recognition that categories of knowledge are human [ ….. ] .


*[A] disinterested .. constructions

[B] callous .. errors

[C] verifiable .. prejudices

[D] convincing .. imperatives

[E] unassailable .. Fantasies




L3-6  In failing to see that the justice’s pronouncement merely [ ….. ]  previous decisions rather than actually establishing a precedent, the novice law clerk [ ….. ]  the scope of the justice’s judgement.


[A] synthesized .. limited

[B] overturned .. misunderstood

[C] endorsed .. nullified

*[D] qualified .. overemphasized

[E] recapitulated .. Defined


L3-5  Number theory is rich in problems of an especially [ ….. ] sort: they are tantalizingly simple to state but [ ….. ]  difficult to solve.

[A] cryptic .. deceptively

[B] spurious .. equally

[C] abstruse .. ostensibly

[D] elegant .. rarely

*[E] vexing .. notoriously


L3-4  The primary criterion for [ ….. ]  a school is its recent performance; critics are [ ….. ]  to extend credit for earlier victories.


[A] evaluating.. prone

[B] investigating.. hesitant

*[C] judging.. reluctant

[D] improving.. eager

[E] administering.. persuaded

L3-3  It is his dubious distinction to have proved what nobody woud think of denying, that Romero at the age of sixty-four writes with all the characteristics of [ ….. ] .


*[A] maturity

[B] fiction

[C] inventiveness

[D] art

[E] brilliance


L3-2  Few of us take the pains to study our cherished convictions; indeed, we almost have a natural [ ….. ] doing so.


[A] aptitude for

*[B] repugnance to

[C] interest in

[D] ignorance of

[E] reaction after


L3-1 Hydrogen is the   [ ….. ] element of the universe in that it provides the building blocks from which the other elements are produced.

[A] steadfast

[B] expendable

[C] lightest

[D] final

*[E] fundamental

Directions:  Choose the word or phrase most nearly OPPOSITE in meaning to the original word.


L2-38  disingenuousness :

[A] coherent thought

[B] polite conversation

[C] acquisitiveness

*[D] guilelessness

[E] contentiousness


L2-37  seminal :

[A] withholding peripheral information

[B] promoting spirited exchange

[C] suggesting contradictory hypotheses

[D] displaying cultural biases

*[E] hampering further development


L2-36  timorous :

[A] consummate

[B] faithful

*[C] intrepid

[D] antagonistic

[E] impulsive


L2-35  fatuousness :

*[A] sensibleness

[B] courage

[C] obedience

[D] aloofness

[E] forcefulness


L2-34  approbation :

[A] disinclination

[B] stagnation

*[C] condemnation

[D] false allegation

[E] immediate repulsion


L2-33  nadir :

[A] immobile object

[B] uniform measurement

[C] extreme distance

*[D] topmost point

[E] regular phenomenon


L2-32  refute :

[A] reveal

[B] associate

[C] recognize

[D] understand

*[E] prove


L2-30  profuse :

[A] sequential

[B] shoddy

*[C] scant

[D] surly

[E] supreme



L2-29  renovate :

[A] design to specifications

[B] keep hidden

*[C] cause to decay

[D] duplicate

[E] complicate



L2-28  stabilize :

[A] penetrate

[B] minimize

*[C] fluctuate

[D] analyze

[E] isolate

Directions:  Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.



L2-16  skirmish : insignificance ::

[A] revolution : democracy

*[B] duel : formality

[C] feud : impartiality

[D] bout : sparring

[E] crusade : remoteness


L2-15  filigree : wire ::

[A] embroidery : knot

[B] bead : string

*[C] lace : thread

[D] fringe : yarn

[E] rope : strand


L2-14  complain : carp ::

[A] supply : donate

[B] argue : debate

[C] grumble : accuse

*[D] drink : guzzle

[E] pacify : intervene


L2-13  accelerate : speed ::

[A] assess : value

[B] elaborate : quality

[C] disperse : strength

*[D] prolong : duration

[E] enumerate : quantity


L2-12  redoubtable : awe ::

[A] tart : pungency

[B] tacit : solitude

*[C] despicable : contempt

[D] engrossing : obliviousness

[E] venerable : renown


L2-11  castigation : disapproval ::

[A] grief : indignation

[B] hostility : intention

[C] hope : insight

[D] innocence : patience

*[E] blasphemy : irreverence


L2-10  school : fish ::

[A] posse : crowd

[B] arrow : feathers

[C] union : labor

*[D] flock : birds

[E] stock : cattle


L2-9  tile : mosaic ::

[A] wood : totem

[B] stitch : sampler

[C] ink : scroll

[D] pedestal : column

[E] tapestry : rug


Directions:  Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.


L2-8 water : swim ::

[A] grass : grow

[B] knot : tie

[C] plan : implement

[D] flood : damage

[E] snow : ski

Directions:  Choose the word or set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.


L2-7  Rather than enhancing a country's security, the successful development of nuclear weapons could serve at first to in crease that country's   [ ….. ] .


[A] boldness

[B] influence

[C] responsibility

[D] moderation

[E] vulnerability


L2-6  Because outlaws were denied   [ ….. ]  under medeval law, anyone could raise a hand against them with legal   [ ….. ] .


[A] propriety .. authority

[B] protection .. impunity

[C] collusion .. consent

[D] rights .. collaboration

[E] provisions .. validity


L2-5  Queen Elizabeth I has quite correctly been called a   [ ….. ]  of the arts, because many young artists received her patronage.


[A] connoisseur

[B] critic

*[C] friend

[D] scourge

[E] judge


L2-4  In the seventeenth century, discreet flouting of a genetically accepted system of values was regarded as   [ ….. ] , even as a sign of madness.


[A] adventurous

[B] frivolous

[C] willful

[D] impermissible

*[E] irrational


L2-3  Despite the   [ ….. ]  of many of their colleagues, some scholars have begun to emphasize "pop culture" as a key for   [ ….. ]  the myths, hopes, and fears of contemporary society.


[A] antipathy .. entangling

[B] discernment .. evaluating

[C] pedantry .. reinstating

[D] skepticism .. deciphering

[E] enthusiasm .. symbolizing


L2-2  The results of the experiments performed by Elizabeth Hazen and Rachel Brown were  [ ….. ] not only because these results challenged old assumptions but also because they called the  [ ….. ]  methodology into question.


*[A] provocative .. prevailing

[B] predictable .. contemporary

[C] inconclusive .. traditional

[D] intriguing .. projected

[E] specious .. Original


L2-1  Although the minuet appeared simple, its  [ ….. ] steps had to be studied very carefully before they could be gracefully  [ ….. ] in public.


[A] progressive .. revealed

*[B] intricate .. executed

[C] rudimentary .. allowed

[D] minute .. discussed

[E] entertaining .. stylized

Directions:  Choose the word or phrase most nearly OPPOSITE in meaning to the original word.


 L1-38 odium

[A] ease

[B] fragrance

[C] resignation

[D] eccentricity

*[E] infatuation


L1-37 philistine

[A] perfectionist

*[B] aesthete

[C] iconoclast

[D] critic

[E] cynic


L1-36 turpitude

*[A] saintly behavior

[B] clever conversion

[C] lively imagination

[D] agitation

[E] lucidity


L1-35 viscid

[A] bent

[B] prone

[C] cool

*[D] slick

[E] slight


L1-34 lambaste

[A] permit

[B] prefer

*[C] extol

[D] smooth completely

[E] support openly


L1-33 pristine

[A] ruthless

[B] seductive

[C] coarse

[D] commonplace

*[E] contaminated


L1-32 cower

[A] swiftly disappear

*[B] brazenly confront

[C] assuage

[D] coast

[E] invert


L1-31 authentic

[A] ordinary

[B] criminal

[C] unattractive

[D] inexpensive

*[E] bogus


L1-30 fumble

[A] organize neatly

[B] say clearly

[C] prepare carefully

*[D] handle adroitly

[E] replace immediately


L1-29 precarious

*[A] safe

[B] covert

[C] rescued

[D] revived

[E] pledged



L1-28 fluctuate :

[A] work for

[B] flow over

[C] follow from

*[D] remain steady

[E] cling together

Directions:  Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that expressed in the original pair.



L1-16 offence : peccadillo

[A] envy : resentment

[B] quarrel : tiff

[C] affinity : wish

[D] depression : wish

[E] homesickness : nostalgia


L1-15 epithet : disparage

[A] abbreviation : proliferate

[B] hieroglyphic : mythologize

[C] diminutive : respect

[D] code : simplify

*[E] alias : mislead


L-14 usury : interest

[A] fraud : property

*[B] gouging : price

[C] monopoly : production

[D] foreclosure : mortgage

[E] embezzlement : savings


L-13 chary : caution

[A] circumspect : recklessness

*[B] imperturbable : composure

[C] meticulous : resourcefulness

[D] exigent : stability

[E] fortuitous : pluck


L-12 cogent : convince

[A] irrational : disturb

[B] repugnant : repel

[C] dangerous : avoid

[D] eloquent : reine

[E] generous : appreciate


L-1-11 volcano : lava

*[A] geyser : water

[B] fault : tremor

[C] glacier : fissure

[D] avalanche : snow

[E] cavern : limestone


L1-10 screen : movie

[A] shelf : book

[B] frame : portrait

[C] shadow : object

*[D] stage : play

[E] score : performance


L1-9 topsoil : erode

[A] leather : tan

[B] veneer : varnish

[C] roast : baste

[D] grain : mash

*[E] paint : peel


L1-8 pilot : ship

[A] surveyor : landscape

*[B] conductor : orchestra

[C] guard : stockade

[D] actor : scene

[E] philosopher : inspiration

Directions:  Choose the word or set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.


L1-7 While it is assumed that the mechanization of work has a

[ revolutionary ] effect on the lives of workers, there is evidence to suggest that, on the contrary, mechanization has served to [ reinforce ] some of the traditional roles of women.


[A] salutary .. improve

[B] dramatic .. undermine

[C] benign .. revise

[D] debilitating .. weaken

[E] revolutionary .. reinforce



L1-6 Although many findings of the Soviet an United States probes of Venus were complementary, the two sets of atmospheric results clearly could not be

  [ reconciled ] without a major change of data or  [ interpretation ].


[A] obtained .. experimentation

[B] completed .. position

[C] matched .. implementation

[D] reconciled .. interpretation

[E] produced .. Falsification

180614thu L1-5
The modern age is a permissive one in which things can be said explicitly, but the old tradition of [ euphemism ] dies hard.


[A] garrulousness

[B] exaggeration

[C] excoriation

[D] bombast

[E] euphemism

180613wed L1-4

Even though they tended to be [ hostile ] to strangers, fifteenth-century Europeans did not automatically associate [ foreignness ] and danger.

[A] trusting of .. diversity

[B] haughty with .. nonconformity

[C] interested in .. enmity

[D] antagonistic .. rudeness

[E] hostile to .. foreignness


180612tue L1-3 How could words, confined as they individually are to certain [ precise ] meaning specified in a dictionary, eventually come, when combined in groups, to create obscurity and actually to prevent thought from being [ communicable ]?

[A] indefinite .. articulated

[B] conventional .. conceivable

[C] unlikely .. classified

[D] archaic .. expressed

[E] precise .. communicable

180611mon L1-2

Consider the universal cannibalism of the sea, all of whose creatures [ prey on ] one another.

[A] hide from

[B] ferret out

[C] prey on

[D] glide among

[E] compete against

180610sun L1-1

Because it is [difficult ] to [measure] all the business costs related to employee discontent, an accurate estimate of the magnitude of these costs is not easily calculated.


[A] difficult .. measure

[B] impossible .. justify

[C] improper .. overlook

[D] useless .. discover

[E] necessary .. pinpoint

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