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GMAT sentence correction





GMAT sc

 

GMAT (graduate Management Admission Test) sc (sentence correction)は、より良い英文 (Standard American English)を、体感で会得するすることができる格好の練習教材。GMAT受験生はもちろん、英文に興味のあるどなたでも挑戦歓迎。高校大学受験レベルの基礎英語力があれば十分。難しいと思う方にとっては、限りなく難しく、大丈夫こなせるという鯔背な信念を持つ方にとっては、奥深く興味尽きることのない教材、それがGMAT scです。
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GMAT 7 Week's Wonder



GMAT scのルール

英文の一部ないし全体に下線があります。文法、用法、様式、簡潔性、明確性、論理整合性等の観点より、下線(括弧)に入る最適のものを、AEから選んでください。なお、Aは下線と同様です。参考:The Elements of Style (解法に必要なほぼすべての鍵は、この1918年発行の小冊子にあります。大切なのは、その適用力です)

......................正解と解法のテクニック

Directions:  Choose the best way to express the part in the bracket. (A is the same as the one in the bracket)

Gsc2-31 191113

Since laws reflect the concerns and values of their creators, the greater the differences between those [making the laws and those expected to obey the laws means a greater] probability of violations.

 

(A) making the laws and those expected to obey the laws means a greater

 

(B) making the laws and those expected to obey them increases the

 

(C) making the laws and those expected to obey them, the greater

 

(D) who make the laws and those who are expected to obey the laws, the greater the

 

(E) who make the laws and those who are expected to obey the laws increases the

 

解法のテクニック

1 The比較〜、the比較」は簡単だね。あとはconciseでみると。。。?

Gsc2-30 191110

[Millions of workers have jobs that are able to be done as well at home as at the office, instead of

consuming the gasoline used to get to work.].

 

(A) Millions of workers have jobs that are able to be done as well at home as at the office, instead of consuming the gasoline used to get to work.

 

(B) Millions of workers have jobs that can be done as well at home as the office, rather than consume the gasoline they must use to get to work.

 

(C) Instead of consuming the gasoline used to get to work, millions of workers have jobs that are able to be done as well at home as at the office.

 

(D) Rather than consume the gasoline used to get to work, millions of workers can do their jobs as well at home as the office.

 

(E) Instead of using gasoline to get to work, millions of workers could do their jobs as well at home as at the office.

 

解法のテクニック

1 conciseness:  be able to->can

2 パラレル:  A rather than B

3 redundancyを考えると。。。。。?

Gsc2-29 191107

[The rate of metabolism reactions of an organism of a complex nature is limited by the rate at which] waste products are removed through the animal's specialized circulatory and excretory systems.

 

(A) The rate of metabolism reactions of an organism of a complex nature is limited by the rate at which

 

(B) The rate of metabolic reactions in a complex organism is limited by the rate at which

 

(C) The rate of metabolism reactions in a complex organism are limited by the rate which

 

(D) A complex organism's rate of metabolic reactions are limited by the rate at which

 

(E) A complex organism's rate of metabolism reactions is limited by the rate at which

 

解法のテクニック

1 (at) a/the rate at whichは強い!!

Speed/ paceも同様。

ついでに、(to) an/the extent/degree to which

2 名詞を修飾するのは形容詞。とすると。。。?

Gsc2-28 191103

In the Ann Arbor court case, the parents of fifteen Black children successfully brought suit against the school system for, first of all, failing to take the children's vernacular into account in teaching them, and [secondary, for their failure that the children did not learn] to read Standard English.

 

(A) secondary, for their failure that the children did not learn

 

(B) secondly, for their failure to teach the children

 

(C) secondly, that they failed and the children did not learn

 

(D) second, that they failed to teach the children

 

(E) second, failing to teach the children

 

解法のテクニック

1) secondaryは形容詞、secondlyは副詞。でもそんな悠長なこと言ってる以前に、conciseなのは?またパラレルで考えると?

2) fail to V= Vに失敗、ならば。。。?

Gsc2-27 191030

The versions of Spanish spoken in Madrid and in Buenos Aires are [as distinct one from the other as] the kinds of English spoken in Edinburgh and in Atlanta.

 

(A) as distinct one from the other as

 

(B) as distinct from each other as

 

(C) distinctive from one another as are

 

(D) distinctive from each other as are

 

(E) as distinctive one from the other as

 

解法のテクニック

1 diction: distinctive独特の->be distinct from異なる)より、(A) or (B)

2 each other お互い(二者の間)

 cf one another お互い(三者以上の間)

Gsc2-26 191028

 To Adam Smith, economics was thought to have much to teach about the creation of wealth but relatively little about its distribution.

 

(A) To Adam Smith, economics was thought to have

 

(B) To Adam Smith's belief, economics has

 

(C) Adam Smith believed that economics had

 

(D) To Adam Smith's belief, economics had

 

(E) Economics, to Adam Smith's belief, has

 

解法のテクニック

基本英作テクニック。Concisenessで考えると(英文はSVが軸)。。。?

Gsc2-25 191024

Baseball is unique [for the major sports because it is the only ball game in which the team does not have possession of the ball on offense] .

 

(A) for the major sports because it is the only ball game in which the team does not have possession of the ball on offense

 

(B) for the major sports in that it is the only ball game that the team on offense does not have possession of the ball

 

(C) among major sports as the only ball game that the team on offense does not have possession of the ball

 

(D) among major sports in that it is the only ball game in which the team on offense does not have possession of the ball

 

(E) among the major sports by being the only ball game in which the team does not have possession of the ball on offense

 

解法のテクニック

1 Clarity(前置詞の意味):for→among〜のうちで

2 Misplaced Modifier: (C) (D) (E) のうち、on offenceの正しい配置は?

Gsc2-24 191021mon

World oil prices would have to rise before companies could recover the costs of extracting Alaskan natural gas, [transportation to the Alaska coast, where it will go to processing plants there], and shipping it to markets in the lower United States.

 

(A) transportation to the Alaska coast, where it will go to processing plants there

 

(B) transportation to Alaska coast processing plants

 

(C) of transportation to processing plants on the Alaska coast

 

(D) transporting it to the Alaska coast, where it will go to processing plants there

 

(E) transporting it to processing plants on the Alaska coast

 

解法のテクニック

1 パラレルのルール:A, B, and C ABCはつり合いが取れているかな?この場合、the costs ofの後ろを見る。下線のないextracting-ingなら、、、、?

Gsc2-23 191017thu

President Carter urged that women as well as men be required to register for the draft.

 

(A) as well as men be

 

(B) as well as men are to be

 

(C) just as men ought to be

 

(D) like men should be

 

(E) like men are to be

 

解法のテクニック

1 ルール:要求表現のthat節は、動詞原形を用いる。(urge+that+V原形)

その際、shouldは絶対に用いてはならない。

とすると。。。。。?

Gsc2-22 191014mon

An agrarian society such as the United States at the close of the eighteenth century could produce the food [needed so that they could sustain themselves, but not the tools for advancement and competition] with other nations.

 

(A) needed so that they could sustain themselves, but not the tools for advancement and competition

 

(B) needed for sustaining themselves, but not produce the tools for advancement and competition

 

(C) necessary to sustain themselves, but not the tools to advance and compete

 

(D) necessary to sustain itself, but not the tools to advance and compete

 

(E) necessary for it to sustain itself, but not produce the tools to advance and compete

 

解法のテクニック

1 reference: 指示語は文の中の名詞を指す必要がある。(A) (B) (C) they/ themselvesが指している名詞は…….

Gsc2-21 191011fri

[Like that of Haydn] , Schubert also wrote a great deal for the stage, but he is remembered principally for his concert-hall and chamber music.

 

(A) Like that of Haydn

 

(B) Like Haydn's music

 

(C) Similar to Haydn's music

 

(D) Similar to Haydn

 

(E) Like Haydn

 

解法のテクニック

Concise

Like O, S V

S, like O, V

 

Cf Beware of

S V N, like O ???

Gsc2-19 191007

When bitter managerial conflicts plague a small company, [conflicts that in the past might have led to dissolution of the business, executives are likely to] turn to outside professional counselors to help resolve disagreements.

 

(A) conflicts plague a small company, conflicts that in the past might have led to dissolution of the business, executives are likely to

 

(B) conflicts plague a small company, conflicts that might have in the past led to its dissolution, executives likely will

 

(C) conflicts plague a small company, which in the past might have led to the business' dissolution, executives are liable to

 

(D) conflicts, which in the past might have led to dissolution of the business, plague a small company, executives are liable to

 

(E) conflicts, which in the past might have led to its dissolution, plague a small company, executives tend to

 

解法のテクニック

可能性・蓋然性を表すlikelyの用法は、

一位:be likely to V ………..1

二位:most/less likely (程度表現を必ず伴った副詞として)

三位:It is likely that- (仮主語、仮目的格を伴い)

それ以外はアウト

 

ダメな例

一位:もどき(due/tend/owing/特にliablebe liable for以外はダメ)………2. 3

二位:程度表現のない副詞( ex. will likelywillをつけてダマそうとしてる)

三位:婉曲とのけんか(ex would most likely→可能性と高さを表すlikelyに対してwouldがブレーキをかけている)

 

でも、ぐちゃぐちゃ考える以前に、「同格はつお〜い!」ルールを適用すると。。。。。?

Gsc2-18 191003thu

Although low in per capita income, India is [among the ten most industrialized nations, among the only seven countries that have launched their own earth satellites, and among] the three countries that have the largest pools of technically trained persons.

 

(A) among the only seven countries that have launched their own earth satellites, and among

 

(B) the only seven countries to have launched their own earth satellites, and

 

(C) among the only seven countries to have launched their own earth satellites, and

 

(D) the seven countries that are the only ones that launched their own earth satellites, and

 

(E) the seven countries that have been the only ones to launch their own earth satellites, and

 

解法のテクニック

1 パラレル( A, B, and C )の基本構造不備で、(C) はダメ。

2 concisenessの点で、よけいなamongがある(A)はよろしくない。

3 diction ( the only N to V/ the first N to V) で考えると。。。?

 

(ちなみに、パラレル( A, B, and C )の点で、<数字、数字、and 数字>の方が、一個だけonly+数字がまざってるのよりエレガントと考えると、1, 2を一気に処理できる)

Gsc2-17 190930mon

The profile of the typical family in the United States is changing: a recent study shows that for the past decade, more children [had mothers who were employed than had not].

 

(A) had mothers who were employed than had not

 

(B) have had employed mothers than had not

 

(C) had employed mothers than not

 

(D) than not have had mothers who were employed

 

(E) than not had mothers employed

 

解法のテクニック

1 構文<More A than not> V-

V-であるAの方が

V-でないAより多い

従って、(D) or (E)

2 [have O +過去分詞]は?


Gsc2-15 190926thu

 Reports that a carcinogenic substance, ethylene dibromide, [has been found in flour, pancake mixes, and other widely used food products is] being investigated by the Environmental Protection Agency.

 

(A) has been found in flour, pancake mixes, and other widely used food products is

 

(B) has been found in flour, pancake mixes, and other widely used food products are

 

(C) was found in flour, pancake mixes, and other widely used food products is

 

(D) that was found in flour, pancake mixes, and other widely used food products is

 

(E) that has been found in flour, pancake mixes, and other widely used food products are

 

解法のテクニック

1 SV単複の確認は必須。Sは?Vはどれ? (A)(C)(D)disqualify

2 コンマの間は挿入。文法的に成立するのは?

Gsc2-14 190925wed

In twelfth-century Baghdad, Shuhda became a great religious scholar, and [men as well as women had attended her lectures].

 

(A) men as well as women had attended her lectures

 

(B) there were men who attended her lectures as well as women

 

(C) men as well as women attended her lectures

 

(D) her lectures were given to men as well as women

 

(E) her lectures were given to both men and women

 

解法のテクニック

1 tense: hadは大過去(過去形より前のこと)。従って(A) は、時制が矛盾。

2 conciseness: there is(余計な動詞)を使う必然があるか→(B)

3 能動態と受動態、どちらがエレガント?

Gsc2-13 190923mon    

The average human life span is [less than forty years, except in areas where] improvements in health care and preventive medicine have raised life expectancy to past the age of seventy.

 

(A) less than forty years, except in areas where

 

(B) fewer than forty years, excepting in areas where

 

(C) less than forty years, excepting in areas in which

 

(D) fewer than forty years, except for those areas that

 

(E) less than forty years, excepting for those areas in which

 

解法のテクニック

1 fewerは可算名詞に、lessは不加算にかかる。ここでは対象はlife span (不加算)(後ろの数字にまどわされないことがミソ)。従って、(A) (C) (E) が残る。

2 exceptの用法:

 except O

 except for/ in O

 except that/ when

 excepting   xxx

すると。。。。。。?

Gsc2-12 190920fri

The huge painted temples, the canals and cause-ways, the palaces and markets, the orderliness and cleanliness?everything about Tenochtitlan [impressed Cortes so that he compared] it favorably with the great cities of Spain.

 

(A) impressed Cortes so that he compared

 

(B) so impressed Cortes to compare

 

(C) were impressive enough to Cortes so that he compared

 

(D) so impressed Cortes that he compared

 

(E) impressed Cortes so as to compare

 

解法のテクニック

一発切り

so that-  (−の目的で)

文、 so that- (その結果ー)

so A that B     (とてもAなのでBした)

 

で、ここでは?

Gsc2-11 190916mon

Pediatricians [ having observed the practice of both older and younger colleagues contend that older pediatricians are likely to overlook evidence of child abuse and they therefore diagnose ] it less often.

 

(A) having observed the practice of both older and younger colleagues contend that older pediatricians are likely to overlook evidence of child abuse and they therefore diagnose

 

(B) having observed the practice of both older and younger colleagues contend that older pediatricians likely overlook evidence of child abuse and therefore diagnose

 

(C) who have observed the practice of both older and younger colleagues contend that the older pediatrician is likely to overlook evidence of child abuse and they therefore diagnose

 

(D) who have observed the practice of both older and younger colleagues contend that the older pediatrician likely overlooks evidence of child abuse and therefore they diagnose

 

(E) who have observed the practice of both older and younger colleagues contend that the older pediatrician is likely to overlook evidence of child abuse and therefore diagnoses

 

解法のテクニック

1 likelyはトピックになりやすい。

1)be likely to V

2)most/least(程度) likely

3)it is likely that

 

X

1)likely単独

2)would most likely (婉曲wouldとけんか)

3)likelyもどき (何があるかわかるかな?)

 

上記より、(A) (C) (E)が残る。

 

2 あとは指示語に注目すると。。。?

Gsc2-10 190912thu

Many savings and loan institutions are suffering because they are forced to pay at least 10 percent [or more interest to attract deposits and carry many mortgages not earning] 9 percent.

 

(A) or more interest to attract deposits and carry many mortgages not earning

 

(B) or more interest to attract deposits but carry many mortgages that earn less than

 

(C) interest to attract deposits while carrying many mortgages that earn less than

 

(D) interest for attracting deposits while carrying many mortgages not earning

 

(E) interest for attracting deposits but carry many mortgages that earn less than

 


Gsc2-8 190905thu

A computer that operates on beams of [light, not electric currents, might be capable to do] a trillion operations per second.

 

(A) light, not electric currents, might be capable to do

 

(B) light rather than electric currents might be capable of

 

(C) light instead of electric currents may be capable to do

 

(D) light, and not by electric currents, might be capable of

 

(E) light, as opposed to electric currents, may be capable to do

Gsc2-7 190902mon ■

[The ambassador rarely has] great importance in the age of telecommunications; since virtually all policies are made in their own countries, their jobs entail more show than substance.

 

(A) The ambassador rarely has

 

(B) It is rare that an ambassador is of

 

(C) Rare are the ambassadors having

 

(D) It is rare that there is an ambassador who has

 

(E) Ambassadors rarely have

Gsc2-6 one, a week!■ 190826mon ■

High-yield grains require large quantities of fertilizer and pesticides, extensive irrigation systems, and [ever more expensive fuel for pumping] water and running machinery.

 

(A) ever more expensive fuel for pumping

 

(B) ever more expensive fuels that pump

 

(C) more and more expensive fuel pumping

 

(D) fuel, ever more expensive, pumping

 

(E) fuels, ever more expensive, that pump

Gsc2-5 one, a week!

■ 190819mon ■

The proposals for commercial and residential building in the area have been scaled down because of a disagreement between commercial planners [and the regional planning commission over if continued growth will hasten the decline of] neighboring cities.

 

(A) and the regional planning commission over if continued growth will hasten the decline of

 

(B) with the regional planning commission over if continued growth will hasten decline in

 

(C) and the regional planning commission over whether continued growth will hasten the decline of

 

(D) with the regional planning commission over whether continued growth will hasten the declension in

 

(E) and the regional planning commission about continued growth hastening declension in

Gsc2-4 one, a week!■ 190812mon

[Using glow plugs to warm up the cold cylinders], the starting time of diesel engines is reduced from more than one minute to about five seconds, even in very cold weather.

 

(A) Using glow plugs to warm up the cold cylinders

 

(B) With cold cylinders warmed up by the use of glow plugs

 

(C) Warming up the cold cylinders with glow plugs

 

(D) If glow plugs are used to warm up the cold cylinders

 

(E) Glow plugs being used to warm up the cold cylinders

Gsc2-3 one, a week!■ 190805mon ■

Approximately 200 companies in the United States are now using the new technology of gene splicing to make products that [may be able someday to do everything from boosting crop growth to the treatment of] cancer.

 

(A) may be able someday to do everything from boosting crop growth to the treatment of

 

(B) may someday be able to do everything from boosting crop growth to treating

 

(C) someday can perhaps do everything from the boosting of crop growth to treating

 

(D) can, perhaps, someday do everything from the boosting of the growth of crops to treating

 

(E) can someday perhaps do everything from boosting the growth of crops to the treatment of

Gsc2-2 one, a week!

■ 190729mon ■

The glittering wealth of Venice was attributable [not so much to exotic spices as to commonplace salt], a commodity Venetians exchanged in Constantinople for the spices of Asia.

 

(A) not so much to exotic spices as to commonplace salt,

 

(B) not so much to exotic spices but rather it was to commonplace salt,

 

(C) to commonplace salt rather than so much to exotic spices

 

(D) to commonplace salt not so much as to exotic spices,

 

(E) not to exotic spices so much as to commonplace salt, and

Gsc2-1 one, a week!■ 190722mon ■

By the end of the Civil War there were 179,000 Black soldiers in the Union army, and, together with Blacks in the navy, [having accounted for nearly] 10 percent of the Union's armed forces.

 

(A) having accounted for nearly

 

(B) they accounted for nearly

 

(C) it accounted for near

 

(D) accounting for up to nearly

 

(E) they had accounted for near

Gsc1-40 one, a week!■ 190716tue ■

As late as the eighteenth century, the rank of guests at a banquet was gauged as to where they sat relative to an often elaborate saltcellar on the table.

 

(A) as to where they sat relative to

 

(B) as to where they would sit relative with

 

(C) by where they would sit relative with

 

(D) by where they sat in relation to

 

(E) in where they sat in relation to

Gsc1-27■190415mon ■(one, a week!)■ 190708mon

 The Egyptian Coptic church, one of the oldest Christian communities in the world, traces its spiritual heritage to the preaching of St. Mark, and owing to a fourth-century theological dispute they have had little contact with the rest of the world's Christians for more than fifteen hundred years.

 

(A) and owing to a fourth-century theological dispute they have had

 

(B) but because of a fourth-century theological dispute it has had

 

(C) but owing to a fourth-century theological dispute they have had

 

(D) but on account of a fourth-century theological dispute there has been

 

(E) and due to the fact that there was a fourth-century theological dispute there was

 

Gsc1-39 one, a week!■ 190701mon ■

County waste disposal site selection has been a bitter debate between local municipalities, the board of county commissioners, and neighbors of the proposed sites.

 

(A) County waste disposal site selection has been a bitter debate between

 

(B) There has been a bitter debate over county waste disposal site selection by

 

(C) Waste disposal site selection in the county has been a bitter debate between

 

(D) Selection of a site for the disposal of wastes in the county has caused bitter debate among

 

(E) Site selection for waste disposal in the county has been a bitter debate among

 

Gsc1-38 one, a week!■ 190624mon ■

Of all the great non-Western classical music traditions, India is perhaps best known to American audiences.

 

(A) India is perhaps best known to American audiences

 

(B) American audiences perhaps know India the best

 

(C) India's is the one that is perhaps better known to American audiences

 

(D) India's is perhaps the one best known to American audiences

 

(E) that of India is perhaps the one better known to American audiences

Gsc1-37 one, a week!■ 190617mon ■

The pattern of economic crisis in the developing countries is ominously familiar to what happened in the industrial countries in the Great Depression.

 

(A) familiar to what happened

 

(B) similar with the occurrences

 

(C) reminiscent of what happened

 

(D) familiar to the occurrences

 

(E) reminiscent to what happened

Gsc1-36 one, a week!■ 190610mon ■

Heavy and prolonged use of cocaine can lead to psychological dependence, the symptoms of which are similar to narcotics dependence.

 

(A) the symptoms of which are similar to narcotics dependence

 

(B) the symptoms of which are similar to those of dependence on narcotics

 

(C) which in symptoms are similar to those of dependence on narcotics

 

(D) which has the symptoms similar to those of narcotics dependence

 

(E) which has symptoms similar to narcotics dependence

Gsc1-35 one, a week!■ 190603mon

Dr. Shirmer was cited for her pioneering research on the interacting of disease agents with their carriers.

 

(A) the interacting of disease agents with their carriers

 

(B) disease agents' interactions with their carriers

 

(C) the interaction of disease agents and their carriers

 

(D) disease agents, their carriers, and their interaction

 

(E) carriers and their interaction with disease agents

Gsc1-34 one, a week!■ 190527mon ■

Under Sweden's antiquities law, when farmers building a new barn will strike a Viking site, they cannot complete the building until an archaeologist excavates the site at the farmer's expense.

 

(A) when farmers building a new barn will strike a Viking site, they

 

(B) farmers building a new barn and striking a Viking site

 

(C) farmers building a new barn, when they strike a Viking site,

 

(D) should a farmer who is building a new barn have struck a Viking site, they

 

(E) a farmer who strikes a Viking site while building a new barn

Gsc1-33 one, a week!■ 190521tue ■

There seems to be a broad range of international policy issues on which the views of France's Socialist president are more compatible with President Reagan's than were those of his predecessor.

 

(A) the views of France's Socialist president are more compatible with President Reagan's than were those of his predecessor

 

(B) the views of France's Socialist president seem more compatible with those of President Reagan than were those of his predecessor's

 

(C) the views of France's Socialist president seem more compatible with those of President Reagan than his predecessor's

 

(D) France's Socialist president's views are more compatible with President Reagan's than his predecessor's

 

(E) France's Socialist president's views seem more compatible with President Reagan's than those of his predecessor

Gsc1-32 one, a week!■ 190514tue ■

James Weldon Johnson's God's Trombones was a collection of folk sermons in verse finished in 1927, his most important poetic achievement.

 

(A) James Weldon Johnson's God's Trombones was a collection of folk sermons in verse finished in 1927, his most important poetic achievement.

 

(B) In 1927 James Weldon Johnson finished God's Trombones, a collection of folk sermons in verse that was his most important poetic achievement.

 

(C) God's Trombones by James Weldon Johnson was finished in 1927, a collection of folk sermons in verse and his most important poetic achievement.

 

(D) James Weldon Johnson finished God's Trombones in 1927, which was a collection of folk sermons in verse and his most important poetic achievement.

 

(E) James Weldon Johnson's God's Trombones was a collection of folk sermons in verse and his most important poetic achievement, which was finished in 1927.

Gsc1-31 one, a week!■ 190506mon

Both Muslims and Karaites face toward a holy city while praying, but unlike the Muslims that turn toward Mecca, the Karaites turn toward Jerusalem.

 

(A) Both Muslims and Karaites face toward a holy city while praying, but unlike the Muslims that turn

 

(B) Muslims and Karaites face toward a holy city while praying, but unlike the Muslims turning

 

(C) Like Muslims, Karaites face toward a holy city while praying, but unlike them turning

 

(D) Similar to Muslims, Karaites face toward a holy city while praying too, and whereas the Muslims turn

 

(E) Like Muslims, Karaites face toward a holy city while praying, but whereas the Muslims turn

Gsc1-30■ 190429mon ■(one, a week!)

 Although it is the parent who is at fault in neglect and abuse cases, it is the children that are shipped off either to an institution or turned into an orphan, and that is left to wander from one foster home to the next.

 

(A) children that are shipped off either to an institution or turned into an orphan, and that is left to wander from one foster home to the next

 

(B) children that are either shipped off to an institution or turned into orphans and left to wander from one foster home to the other

 

(C) children who may be either shipped off to an institution or turned into orphans, and that are left to wander from one foster home to the next

 

(D) child who is either shipped off to an institution or turned into an orphan, left to wander from one foster home to another

 

(E) child who may either be shipped off to an institution or turned into an orphan, left wandering from one foster home to another

Gsc1-28■ 190422mon(one, a week!)

 According to Einstein's theory of relativity, light rays are deflected by the gravity of a nearby massive body, an observable effect as a star appears to shift position when its light passes near the Sun.

 

(A) an observable effect as a star appears to shift position when

 

(B) an effect observed as the appearance of a shift in the position of a star while

 

(C) an effect that can be observed when a star appears to shift position as

 

(D) which can be observed when a star appears to shift its position during the time

 

(E) observable when a star appears to undergo a shift in position while

Gsc1-27■190415mon ■(one, a week!)

 The Egyptian Coptic church, one of the oldest Christian communities in the world, traces its spiritual heritage to the preaching of St. Mark, and owing to a fourth-century theological dispute they have had little contact with the rest of the world's Christians for more than fifteen hundred years.

 

(A) and owing to a fourth-century theological dispute they have had

 

(B) but because of a fourth-century theological dispute it has had

 

(C) but owing to a fourth-century theological dispute they have had

 

(D) but on account of a fourth-century theological dispute there has been

 

(E) and due to the fact that there was a fourth-century theological dispute there was

Gsc1-26■ 190408mon(one, a week!)

The controversy over if women are to register for the draft was rekindled by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

 

(A) over if women are to register

 

(B) over whether women should register

 

(C) about if women should register

 

(D) about whether women will register

 

(E) about women being registered

Gsc1-25■ 190401aprilfools(one, a week!)

When high interest rates cause the value of the United States dollar to rise relative to other countries, it makes the exports of other countries become cheaper to buy in the United States and United States exports become more expensive in other countries.

 

(A) countries, it makes the exports of other countries become

 

(B) countries, both the exports of other countries become

 

(C) currencies, it makes the exports of other countries

 

(D) currencies, it both makes the exports of other countries become

 

(E) currencies, the exports of other countries become

Gsc1-24■ 190325mon ■(one, a week!)

It was the demand for labor in the burgeoning industries of the United States that obliged its leaders, sometimes grudgingly, to open the ports of the country to the people of Europe.

 

(A) that obliged its leaders, sometimes grudgingly, to open

 

(B) obliging its leaders, grudgingly at times, that they open

 

(C) that had obliged its leaders, sometimes grudgingly, who opened

 

(D) having obliged its leaders, at times grudgingly, to open

 

(E) that has obliged its leaders, sometimes grudgingly, opening

Gsc1-21■190318mon■

The notion of multiple personalities was always more readily accepted in popular books and movies than psychiatrists and other doctors did.

 

(A) than psychiatrists and other doctors did

 

(B) than it was by psychiatrists and other doctors

 

(C) as did psychiatrists and other doctors

 

(D) as it was by psychiatrists and other doctors

 

(E) than do psychiatrists and other doctors

Gsc1-20 ■ 190312tue(one, a week!)

 [Covered with low shrubs, the quality of the land along the seashore is sandy and unsuitable for agricultural use].

 

(A) Covered with low shrubs, the quality of the land along the seashore is sandy and unsuitable for agricultural use.

 

(B) Covered with low shrubs, the land along the seashore is sandy and unsuitable for agriculture.

 

(C) The land along the seashore, covered with low shrubs, is sandy and has a quality unsuitable for agricultural use.

 

(D) The land along the seashore is covered with low shrubs, sandy, and is unsuitable for agriculture.

 

(E) The quality of the land along the seashore, covered with low shrubs, is sandy and unsuitable for agricultural use.

Gsc1-19■ 181231mon ■(one, a week!)

As vital as their igloos, which permit the Innuits to live in reasonable comfort in an icy land, and just as ingenious, [are their winter clothing, so perfect in design and material that the Innuits are made nearly impervious against] any arctic weather.

 

(A) are their winter clothing, so perfect in design and material that the Innuits are made nearly impervious against

 

(B) are the winter clothing of the Innuits, so perfect in design and material that they are made nearly impervious to

 

(C) is their winter clothing, so perfect in design and material that it makes them nearly impervious to

 

(D) is the winter clothing of the Innuits, so perfect in design and material as to make them nearly impervious against

 

(E) has been the winter clothing of the Innuits, so perfect in design and material as to be made nearly impervious to

 

Gsc1-18■ 181203mon ■(one, a week!)

An archaeological excavation at [what might have been a workshop where statues were reproduced yielded 1,532 fragments of human figures, including] 7 intact statues.

 

(A) what might have been a workshop where statues were reproduced yielded 1,532 fragments of human figures, including

 

(B) what might have been a workshop where statues were reproduced yielded l,532 fragments of human figures and

 

(C) the site of a possible workshop where statues were reproduced yielded 1,532 fragments of human figures and

 

(D) the site of a possible workshop where statues were reproduced yielded 1,532 fragments of human figures, including

 

(E) the site of a possible workshop where statues might have been reproduced yielded 1,532 fragments of human figures, including

 

Gsc1-17■ 181126mon ■(one, a week!)

Compared with the nuclear arsenal of the United States, [the Soviet Union has fewer but considerably larger intercontinental warheads at its disposal].

 

(A) the Soviet Union has fewer but considerably larger intercontinental warheads at its disposal

 

(B) the Soviet Union has at its disposal less numerous but considerably larger intercontinental warheads

 

(C) the intercontinental warheads at the Soviet Union's disposal are less numerous but considerably larger

 

(D) the Soviet Union's less numerous but considerably larger intercontinental warheads are at its disposal

 

(E) there are less numerous but considerably larger intercontinental warheads at the Soviet Union's disposal

Gsc1-16■ 181121wed ■(one, a week!)

On a Chippewa reservation in Wisconsin, young members of the tribe are using computers [for learning their ancient language that was nearly forgotten].

 

(A) for learning their ancient language that was nearly forgotten

 

(B) for learning their ancient language that they nearly forgot

 

(C) to learn their ancient-language, which they nearly forgot

 

(D) to learn their ancient and nearly forgotten language

 

(E) to learn their language that was ancient and nearly forgotten

Gsc1-15 ■ 181112mon(one, a week!)

A summary of both the Uniform Crime Reports of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the victimization reports for the last decade [show that while the number of] police reports of serious crime has risen steadily, the number of victims of crime remains about the same.

 

(A) show that while the number of

 

(B) show while

 

(C) shows that while

 

(D) shows while the number of

 

(E) shows that while the number of

Gsc1-14 181105mon (one, a week!)

The tissues of the human body are constantly moistened by a briny solution thought [to be of about the same salinity as the primordial sea from which] life emerged.

 

(A) to be of about the same salinity as the primordial sea from which

 

(B) of as about the same salinity like the primordial sea out of which

 

(C) to be about the same salinity as the primordial sea from where

 

(D) of as about the same salinity as the primordial sea from where

 

(E) to be of about the same salinity like the primordial sea from which

Gsc1-13■181029mon■(one, a week!)

[Etruscan women did not take their husband's name, as Roman women did], but retained her own through life.

 

(A) Etruscan women did not take their husband's name, as Roman women did

 

(B) Etruscan women did not take their husbands' names, as Roman women did

 

(C) Etruscan women did not take a husband's name, as did a Roman woman

 

(D) Unlike a Roman woman, an Etruscan woman did not take her husband's name

 

(E) Unlike Roman women, Etruscan women did not take their husbands' names

Gsc1-11■181022mon■(one, a week!)

The newspaper story accurately recounted the history of the colonial [mansion, that it contained thirteen rooms, and that it had a reputation for being a haunted house].

 

(A) mansion, that it contained thirteen rooms, and that it had a reputation for being a haunted house

 

(B) mansion, that it contained thirteen rooms, and that it had a reputation of being haunted

 

(C) mansion, that the mansion contained thirteen rooms, and said that it had a reputation for being haunted

 

(D) mansion, said that it contained thirteen rooms and had a reputation for being a haunted house

 

(E) mansion and said that the mansion contained thirteen rooms and had the reputation of being haunted


Gsc1-10■181015mon■(one, a week!)

[ Although the Arabs in Israel are allowed to vote in Israeli elections, only about ten percent do so ].

 

(A) Although the Arabs in Israel are allowed to vote in Israeli elections, only about ten percent do so.

 

(B) Although it is allowed, only about ten percent of the Arabs in Israel vote in Israeli elections.

 

(C) Even though they are allowed to do it, only about ten percent of the Arabs in Israel vote in Israeli elections.

 

(D) Only about ten percent of the Arabs in Israel vote in Israeli elections, despite being allowed to.

 

(E) Only about ten percent of the Arabs in Israel vote in Israeli elections, in spite of their being allowed to do so.

 

Gsc1-08■181008mon(one, a week!)

Since the 1940's the farms and ranches of the Great Plains have been supplied with water from the Ogallala aquifer; this underground reservoir contained an estimated quadrillion gallons of water, [which equal Lake Huron], but now reserves are becoming depleted.

 

(A) which equal Lake Huron

 

(B) which equal Lake Huron's

 

(C) equal to Lake Huron's

 

(D) the equivalent of Lake Huron's

 

(E) the equivalent of Lake Huron

Gsc1-07■181002tue■(one, a week!)

When doctors attempt to diagnose an illness, they look for ways in which the patient's symptoms resemble those of one disease and are different than those of another.

 

(A) and are different than those of another

 

(B) and differs from others

 

(C) and differ from those of others

 

(D) but are different than that of the other

 

(E) but are different from those of the others

Gsc1-06(one, a week!)■180926wed■

The price of rice, which was fourteen dollars a hundredweight in 1981, will plunge, so it is expected, to a mere seven or eight dollars this year.

 

(A) will plunge, so it is expected, to a mere

 

(B) will plunge, so the expectation is, to merely

 

(C) is to plunge, as expected, to merely

 

(D) is to plunge, as is expected, to a mere

 

(E) is expected to plunge to a mere

Gsc1-05 180918tue  (one, a week!)

Because timbers of ships were once used to make local houses, [you are able to still smell the tar of an old ship when one enters] a building along an estuary.

 

(A) you are able to still smell the tar of an old ship when one enters

 

(B) you can still smell the tar of an old ship when you enter

 

(C) one can still smell the tar of an old ship when you enter

 

(D) a person can still smell the tar of an old ship when they enter

 

(E) people are able to still smell the tar of an old ship when they are entering

Gsc1-04 180911tue  (one, a week!)

[The economic problem Puerto Rico has is, properly characterized, a surplus of labor, not overpopulation, and it only was] aggravated when the massive influx of capital that took place under Operation Bootstrap resulted in a notable decline in the demand for labor.

 

(A) The economic problem Puerto Rico has is, properly characterized, a surplus of labor, not overpopulation, and it only was

 

(B) Properly characterized, the economic problem Peen Rico has is a surplus of labor, not overpopulation, and it only was

 

(C) The economic problem of Puerto Rico is properly characterized not as overpopulation but as a surplus of labor, which was only

 

(D) The economic problem of Puerto Rico is, properly characterized, a surplus of labor, not overpopulation, which only was

 

(E) Puerto Rico has, properly characterized, the economic problem of a surplus of labor, not overpopulation, and it was only

Gsc1-03 180904tue (one, a week!)

Mary Allenbee's lawyer decided that the names of those who received her large political contributions not to be revealed to the congressional investigators.

 

(A) the names of those who received her large political contributions not to be revealed

(B) the names of the recipients of her large political contributions would not be revealed

(C) the names of those who had received her large political contributions was not to be revealed

(D) there would be no revelation of the names of those recipients of her large political contributions

(E) the names of those who had received her large political contributions was not going to be revealed

Gsc1-02 180624mon

The papers in the National Archives recounting the experiences of some 200,000 Black men who joined the Union forces during the Civil War have been prepared [to be published by] the historian Ira Berlin.

 

(A) to be published by

(B) for publication by

(C) for publishing by

(D) as the publication of

(E) for the publication by
......................正解と解法のテクニック

Gsc1-01 180618

Real family income excluding the effects of inflation, [has rapidly risen from 1960 up to 1970 but virtually does not change from 1970 up] to 1980.

 

(A) has rapidly risen from 1960 up to 1970 but virtually does not change from 1970 up

(B) arose with rapidity from 1960 up to 1970 and was virtually unchanged from 1970 up

(C) rose with rapidity from 1960 to 1970 and virtually is unchangeable from 1970

(D) rose rapidly from 1960 to 1970 but was virtually unchanged from 1970

(E) rapidly rises from 1960 to 1970 and virtually is unchangeable from 1970

 問題 GMATscn06 180611mon

The architectural problem of how to enclose and articulate interior space becomes  more and more critical as the size of the space will increase.

(A) more and more critical as the size of the space will increase

(B) increasingly critical as the size of the space gets larger

(C) ever more critical as the size of the space increases

(D) one that is increasingly critical as there is an increase in

the size of the space

(E) more critical with the size of the space getting larger

■ 正解と解法のテクニック


 問題 GMATscn05 180606

 If a nuclear weapon were to be detonated above the atmosphere, it would not generate a blast, shock, or heat, but rather an intense electromagnetic pulse disrupting, like a lightning bolt, all unshielded electric lines and electronic equipment.

(A) If a nuclear weapon were to be detonated above the atmosphere, it would not generate a blast, shock, or heat, but rather

(B) If a nuclear weapon were to be detonated above the atmosphere, it would generate not a blast, shock, nor heat, but

(C) A nuclear weapon detonated above the atmosphere would generate no blast, shock, or heat, but rather

(D) A nuclear weapon detonated above the atmosphere would not generate a blast, shock, or heat, but rather

(E) A nuclear weapon detonated above the atmosphere would not generate a blast, shock, nor heat, but


■ 正解と解法のテクニック


問題 GMATscn04 180531

Income tax indexing is intended to eliminate constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals into higher tax brackets.

(A) constantly increasing taxes that result because of inflation pushing individuals

(B) constant tax increase because inflation pushes individuals

(C) constantly increasing taxes because individuals are pushed by inflation

(D) constant tax increase that results as inflation pushes individuals

(E) constant tax increase as a result of individuals being pushed by inflation

■ 正解と解法のテクニック


問題 GMATscn03 180518

The pattern of economic crisis in the developing countries is ominously familiar to the occurrences in the industrial countries in the Great Depression.

(A) familiar to the occurrences

(B) reminiscent of what happened

(C) familiar to what happened

(D) similar with the occurrences

(E) reminiscent to what happened


 正解と解法のテクニック


問題 
GMATscn01 180511

Einstein's theory of relativity holds that the gravity of a massive body deflects nearby light rays, observable when a star appears to undergo a shift in position while its light passes near the Sun.

(A) observable when a star appears to undergo a shift in position while

(B) which can be observed when a star appears to shift its position during the time

(C) an observable effect as a star appears to shift position when

(D) an effect observed as the appearance of a shift in the position of a star while

(E) an effect that can be observed when a star appears to shift position as



正解と解法のテクニック


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